Rhinoplasty is among the five most popular plastic surgery procedures performed in the world. During the procedure, a plastic surgeon sculpts the cartilage and bone of the nose to achieve a patient’s desired look. For men and women who are unhappy with the size and shape of their nose, rhinoplasty, otherwise known as nose reshaping surgery or a “nose job,” offers a safe, effective, and time-tested cosmetic solution. When performed by an experienced, skilled cosmetic surgeon, rhinoplasty can greatly improve the balance of facial features, helping patients discover newfound confidence. Rhinoplasty can also be used to correct structural defects, including those that cause breathing problems.
Rhinoplasty can be used to modify the shape, size, and overall appearance of the nose. Many times, rhinoplasty patients ask their surgeons to:
In most cases, the incisions used for nose reshaping cosmetic surgery can be hidden inside the nose or placed inconspicuously outside it. Minimal scarring fits in with the overall goal of improving appearance and maintaining a natural look.
Nose reshaping surgery can be divided into several types of rhinoplasty, depending on a patient’s goals for treatment.
Reduction rhinoplasty is one of the most common types of nose reshaping surgery. This procedure can give a patient a nose that is more proportionate to the other facial features. In particular, it can address bumps on the bridge of the nose, an elongated nasal tip, or excessively flared nostrils. The doctor removes small amounts of bone or cartilage to achieve the desired results. To reduce the size of the nostrils, the doctor may need to use a technique called alar base reduction. During this process, he or she removes small wedges of tissue from the area where the nostrils meet the cheeks.
Often, doctors use advanced computer programs to plan the reduction rhinoplasty and simulate the appearance of a patient’s nose after surgery.
Augmentation rhinoplasty is another popular type of nose reshaping surgery. During this treatment, the doctor performs bone or tissue grafting to build up the nasal tip and/or bridge. In many cases, he or she uses cartilage from other parts of the nose, usually the nasal septum. However, if a patient does not have enough tissue in this area, the doctor may use rib bone, cartilage from other areas, synthetic material, or other biological tissues.
As with reduction rhinoplasty, the doctor carefully plans out the treatment. Many times, he or she uses computer software to create a two-dimensional or three-dimensional model of the final results.
If a patient has suffered an injury to the nose, he or she may benefit from post-traumatic rhinoplasty. This procedure can address both appearance and functionality. Doctors may use this procedure to straighten the nose and correct the nasal septum. Often, post-traumatic patients have suffered a broken nose. In these cases, a doctor may have to re-fracture the nose and re-set it to achieve the desired results. A doctor can usually set a simple broken nose within 10 days of the fracture. However, if a patient has suffered a serious nose injury, he or she may have to wait several months before undergoing extensive surgery.
Patients may require reconstructive rhinoplasty if they have lost all or part of their noses to an accident, skin cancer, or another serious illness. During the treatment, a surgeon rebuilds the nose using skin grafts, flap techniques, and other advanced methods. Due to the complex nature of this procedure, patients may require multiple surgeries over a period of several months. Additionally, reconstructive rhinoplasty is a specialized procedure, and patients should look for surgeons who have extensive experience in this area.
Ethnic rhinoplasty uses the same methods as other forms of nose reshaping surgery. Typically, ethnic rhinoplasty refers to procedures performed on individuals of African American, Afro-Caribbean, Asian, Hispanic, and Middle Eastern descent. These patients typically have softer nasal contours, and the doctor takes special care to preserve the unique features of a these patients’ faces.